Technological Novelty of Immunology
Years ago, immunologists typically spent the bulk of their time at the laboratory bench. Their research involved peering into a microscope and probably characterizing the different cells from a blood sample. And their understanding of the immune response was limited to what they could see and, based on that, what they could hypothesize.
That was then. These days, immunologists work on the tools and technologies. Instead of being confined to the visual examination of living units, a researcher able to understand the immune system using these developed tools and technologies. Scientific teams tackled studies on cells, organs and tissues, molecular pathways and animals in the effort to understand the complex network of immune system. As a result, the biological science fellows gained understanding of the immune system, from cellular level (B and T cells) to molecular pathways.
Scientists confide to new and improved technologies of advanced innovations in understanding and application of immunological process. Cellular assays measure multiple cytokine levels simultaneously. The modifications of existing assays required a brief awareness of ELISPOT assays and fluorescence cell sorting which describes the recognition of T cells for epitope activation.